Key Symptoms Of Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
Before we talk about the key symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes let us understand diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disease that is caused due to high blood glucose/ sugar. The insulin hormone moves sugar from the blood to your body cells to be used as energy. With diabetes, either your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or it is not able to use it effectively.
If diabetes is left untreated then it can damage your eyesight, kidneys, nerves, and other organs.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes: Your body cells don’t produce much insulin as the pancreas that produces insulin are destroyed.
Type 2 diabetes: Your body cells are not very responsive to insulin, as they should be. In the later stage of Type 2 diabetes, your body also stops producing enough insulin.
Key Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
- You feel excessively hungry
- You feel excessively thirsty
- Vision impairment/ blurred eyesight
- Rapid weight loss in a short span of time
- Frequent urination
One can also develop a complication of diabetes, known as ketoacidosis. The symptoms include:
- Fast breathing
- Skin dryness
- Dry mouth
- Flushed face
- Stomach pain
- Fruity breath odor
If you experience one or more symptoms of Type 1 diabetes, you should consult a doctor. If you have any symptoms of ketoacidosis, then you should immediately visit a doctor, as it is referred as a medical emergency.
Key Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
In Type 2 diabetes, your body is unable to use insulin effectively and then your body has to rely on other sources of energy. This reaction can cause multiple symptoms to your body. It develops slowly and the mild symptoms can be easily taken care of. The early symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may include:
- Feeling constantly hungry
- Lack of energy
- Weight loss
- Dry mouth
- Skin irritation
- Excessive thirst
- Blurry vision
- Frequent urination
The symptoms of this disease become severe and potentially dangerous with its progress. If your blood glucose has remained high for a longer duration, then you may notice the following symptoms:
- Slow healing of wounds and sores
- Yeast infections
- Developing dark patches on the skin (acanthosis nigricans)
- Feelings of numbness
- Foot pain
If you experience two or more symptoms, then you should immediately consult a doctor. It is left untreated, then it can become a life-threatening disease.
Risk factors associated with Type 1 diabetes are:
Family history: If there is a family history of diabetes, then such people are prone to diabetes.
Genetics: The presence of certain genes also increases the risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
Geography: Its prevalence increases with the distance from the equator.
Age: It can happen at any age, but it is commonly found among children and teenagers.
Risk factors associated with Type 2 diabetes are:
- You have slightly high blood sugar levels
- Being overweight/ obesity
- Age over 45 years
- Physically inactive
- Have low belly fat
- Had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
Type 1 diabetes is unpreventable, whereas, you can lower the risk of having type 2 diabetes by opting some of the lifestyle changes, such as:
- By maintaining a healthy weight
- Be physically active
- Reduce the sugar intake
- Have a balanced diet
For Type 1 diabetes, consult with your doctor to understand how much insulin is required by your body. Eating carbohydrates can increase your blood glucose and you can only counteract it by taking insulin, but you need to know the quantity of insulin required by your body.
People with Type 2 diabetes mainly required to focus on healthy eating with lower sugar intake and lower consumption of processed foods.