Adrenal glands, also known as suprarenal glands, are small, triangular-shaped glands located on top of both kidneys.
Adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure, response to stress and other essential functions.
Adrenal glands are composed of two parts — the cortex and the medulla — which are each responsible for producing different hormones.
When adrenal glands don’t produce enough hormones, this can lead to adrenal insufficiency (Addison’s disease).
Adrenal glands may develop nodules that can be benign or malignant, which can potentially produce excessive amounts of certain hormones leading to various health issues.