Can COVID-19 Trigger New Diabetes?
At the early stage of COVID-19 doctors found that diabetic people are at a greater risk of getting affected with serious complications from Coronavirus infections.
What they did not understand that COVID-19 can trigger new diabetes in people who never had this disease before.
An international group of 17 diabetes experts announced that they will collect the data from a new global registry known as CoviDiab Registry, in order to get a clear picture of exactly how coronavirus and diabetes interact.
Dr. Rubino Francesco, the lead author of the letter quotes, “The evidence is clear that there is an interplay between the coronavirus and diabetes. The link is both-sided, as diabetes is related to the severe coronavirus manifestations, and similarly, coronavirus is related to severe pre-existing diabetes. Dr. Rubino Francesco is a professor of metabolic and bariatric surgery, he teaches at King’s College London, United Kingdom.
“Due to the starting phase of these observations, we have launched an international registry to swiftly collect more evidence and confirm the concern that coronavirus may induce diabetes.”, he explained.
Dr. Francesco also mentioned that it is still unclear to us how coronavirus might trigger diabetes. He said that there are known fight or flight responses (also known as stress responses) in your body that can either worsens your diabetes or unmask the already existing one. Some of the COVID-19 treatments are known to increase the blood glucose levels in your body, so that can trigger COVID-19 as well.
Sanjoy Dutta, vice president, JDRF (formerly known as Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) have agreed to the fact that there are several potential ways that COVID-19 can trigger diabetes. “The concept of a viral trigger is related to Type 1 diabetes, but it is yet to be proven. There are many viruses and the many viral infections and fortunately, the people with Type 1 diabetes are much lesser.”, Sanjoy said.
Sanjoy Dutta explained that there are different other pathways in your body as well, to create blood glucose imbalance and that could trigger diabetes. He also mentioned that you can get relieved from this type of diabetes if your blood glucose levels are in control, but it is still not verified.
Till the time registry is collecting data to get a better understanding about how these two medical conditions can affect each other, people can follow these useful tips:
- If you have diabetes
If you already have diabetes then should keep a check on your blood sugar levels. If your blood sugar level is high then consult it with your doctor. They might make some adjustments in your treatment. Additionally, regular check-ups of blood sugar levels may prevent you from serious complications, if you are in contact with coronavirus, without realizing it.
- If you have prediabetes or at a high risk of diabetes
If you are diagnosed with prediabetes or developing a high risk of diabetes by being overweight, you are required to make some lifestyle changes and maintain a healthy weight to prevent diabetes.
- Diagnosed with COVID-19, but don’t have diabetes
If you are diagnosed with COVID-19 but don’t reflect any signs of diabetes, be very cautious about the sudden arrival of the symptoms that indicate towards diabetes. If there is a family history of diabetes (especially Type 1), then you should share this information with the doctor because you are at a higher risk of developing diabetes.
- Potentially lasting risk?
If you developed diabetes during coronavirus infection and got better, Dr. Francesco says doctors still don’t know whether the risk of diabetes will remain normal or it will increase for an extended period.